evidence shows that it was practiced by peoples on every
continent for thousands of years. It was still practiced
in Europe as late as 1850.
in the 1960s, a small group of proponents began to revive
trepanation in Europe. They claim the operation improves
mental function by increasing bloodflow to the brain.
Their theory is that more blood enters the skull with
each beat because the brain is able to expand in size.
Trepanation Advocacy Group
website run by proponents of trepanation. Articles,
of an advocacy organization. Articles, bibliography.
Need It Like... a Hole in the Head?
Michael Colton Washington
the Washington Post. On the website of ITAG.
article on Salon.com. Includes critical remarks