Vijai R. Subramaniyam
Who are you? Are you this body? If so, why are you not
aware of a serpent crawling on it when you are in deep
sleep? So then can you be this body? No, certainly not.
You must be other than this body.
Sometimes in sleep you dream. There you identify yourself
with someone. Can you be that one? You cannot be. Otherwise,
what becomes of that individual on your waking? You
are not he. Furthermore, you are ashamed of having identified
yourself with him. Clearly, you are not that particular
person. You are the one that stands apart from him.
Recall the state of dreamless slumber. What is your
state then? Can that be your true nature? Surely you
will not subscribe to this belief. Why? Because you
are not so foolish as to identify yourself with the
massive darkness which obstructs you from knowing the
state you are in. Discerned by the intellect from the
things around, how can you admit yourself to be the
same as ignorance or blank? Or, how can it truly be
your real nature? It cannot be. You are the knower who
knows that this state remains one of dense darkness
veiling your true nature. How can you be that which
you have experienced and condemned? Therefore you are
not the dark ignorance of deep sleep. You stand apart
from this too.
When it is said that even this gross body is not you,
can you be any other thing which is yet farther away
from you? In the same way that you are not this gross
body, you are not anything farther from the body, nor
the dream person, nor the ignorance of deep sleep. You
are distinct from these three states and this world.
These three states can be reduced to two conditions
only-namely, the one of the subject and object, and
the other is the unawareness of the subject itself.
The former includes the waking and dream states, whereas
the latter represents deep slumber. All your experiences
are comprised in these two conditions only. Both of
them are foreign to you. Your true nature remains distinct
If you ask what that is, it is called turiya, which
means the fourth state. Why is this name used? This
name is proper because it seems to say the three states
of your experience-waking, dream and deep sleep-are
foreign to you and your true state is the fourth, which
is different from these three. Should the three states,
waking, dream and deep sleep, be taken to form one long
dream, the fourth state represents the waking from this
dream. Thus it is more withdrawn than deep sleep, also
more wakeful than the waking state.
Therefore your true state is that fourth one which is
distinguished from the waking, dream and deep sleep
states. You are that only. What is this fourth state?
It is knowledge which does not particularize anything.
It is not unaware of itself. That is to say, the fourth
state is Pure Knowledge which is not conscious of any
object, but not unconscious itself. Only he who has
realized it even for a trice, has realized the Truth.
You are that only.
What is there more for him who has gained the fourth
state? Practically, it is not possible for anyone to
remain forever in that state, that is, the state of
no particular knowledge. He who has realized the fourth
state later wakes up in this world, but for him this
world is not as before. He sees that what he realized
as the fourth state, shines forth as all this. He will
not imagine this world as distinct from that Pure Knowledge.
Thus what he saw within, he now sees without in a different
form. In the place of the differentiation of old, he
is now established in the state of non-differentiation
everywhere. Now, he is all. There is nothing distinct
from himself. His eyes closed or open, howsoever the
things may change, his state remains unchanged. This
is the state of Brahman. This is the natural eternal
state. You are that ever-true state.
There is nothing beyond this state. The words, 'inward'
and 'outward' have no meaning for him. All is one. His
body, speech and mind cannot function selfishly. Their
workings will be grace for the good of all. The fragmentary
"I" is lost forever. His ego can never revive. Therefore
he is said to be liberated here and now. He does not
live because his body lives, nor does he die because
his body dies. He is eternal. There is nothing other
than he. You are He.
Who is God? He is grace. What is Grace? Awareness without
the fragmentary ego. How can one know that there is
such a state? Only if one realizes it. The Vedas laud
such a one as having realized God and become one with
Him. Therefore the greatest good that one can derive
from the world and the greatest good which one can render
unto it, is to realize this state. In fact, there are
no states besides this. They appear in the state of
ignorance. For him who knows, there is one state only.
You are that.
page was published on May 20, 2000.